How To Make A Minecraft Server Java: A Comprehensive Guide

Table of Contents


Overview of Minecraft Server Hosting

Minecraft Server hosting is for players who want to play Minecraft on their server with friends. However, creating a Minecraft server is complicated. After hosting the Minecraft server on your PC, You can only play on the server with the IP of Localhost if the server is turned on. But to allow your friends to join your Minecraft Server, you need to “IP Forward” or “Port Forward.” Port forward allows your friends to connect to your PCs or the server’s network through their network. People use other hostings to host their servers because of the complexity of port forwarding. Minecraft hosting has two types of hosting you can choose from: 1. Free and 2. Paid. Free Hosting with good performance and reliability is hard to find because it often gets downtime. So, a good choice is to choose a paid plan.

Importance of Java Edition for Server Creation

Most hosting in the Minecraft server hosting industry is paid, but paid Hosting is more reliable and has more uptime than free Hosting. Free Hosting has different performance and facilities than paid plans, and finding good free Hosting takes a lot of work. So today, in this blog, we’ll discover how to make a Minecraft server for Java edition on a PC without hosting.

Understanding Minecraft Server Basics

Different Types of Minecraft Servers

Minecraft servers come with different styles and gameplay features. There are lots of styles and gameplay servers. So here are several of the styles Minecraft Server has:

  • Vanilla Servers: A Vanilla Server has no modifications or plugins and is the default Minecraft Server designed by Mojang. 
  • Survival Servers: Survival Servers are where you gather resources and have limited resources(the only resources you gathered). And surviving the day to the night against environmental threats such as monsters and hunger. Some survival servers may have plugin modifications or resources to enhance the gameplay experience.
  • Creative Servers: With a creative server, you will have unlimited resources to build anything with those resources, including buildings, structures, mansions, and more. And even flying ability, allowing for creation without the constraints of gathering resources.
  • RP Servers: RP, also known as Roleplay, includes 25+ mods to enhance gameplay and make the server feel like a roleplay server. It encourages players to immerse themselves in a fictional character and world and achieve custom items or even advancements. The server may have custom plugins to do these.
  • Minigame Servers: A minigame server is a server style or type that allows players to play PVP Battles (Player vs. player). It has many games, such as PVP, Factions, Spleef, and Bedwars. People host minigame servers for competitive games, parkour, and tournaments.

Requirements for Hosting a Server

When it comes to requirements for hosting a server, you typically need 8GB Of RAM (Recommended), a 2V or 4V Core CPU, and a 10GB Disk. If you don’t have these specs on your laptop, you can choose 4GB RAM, and 2 Cores are a must. You cannot create any server with 1 Core. You will get higher than the recommended disk, so it’s more than enough.

Preparing Your System

Installing Java Development Kit (JDK)

To set up your system to make the Minecraft Server, you must install JDK(Java Development Kit) to run the server. So, search for JDK on Google and go to the first link. You must select JDK 17 – 22 for the latest 1.19 Versions or JDK 16 – 14 for 1.16 – 1.18 Versions. When you have chosen it, click on the x64 MSI Installer, Installer, or compressed archive(if you know how).  And the download should start after the download. Click on the installer to open and install; you can browse the path where to install or keep it default. And after completing, it’s done. Now, you can run your server.

Allocating Sufficient RAM for the Server

Hmm, allocating sufficient RAM? Might be hard. But I am going to make this clear and easy to understand. First, you must know how much RAM you have on your laptop or computer. If it’s 4GB RAM, you cannot run Minecraft in your background when you run the server because the newer versions take more memory. If you have an external Computer, you can run the server on your laptop and play it through your Computer. But a note: You can only play on your server from other computers once you port forward. We’ll talk about port forward later in this post, but if your laptop has 16GB RAM, you can allocate 6GB RAM and Run other applications and Minecraft in the background. 4GB RAM – Good 6GB RAM – Good Enough 8GB RAM – More Than Enough, Depending on the plugins.

Setting Up Your Environment

Choosing the Right Minecraft Server Software

Choosing the right Minecraft Server Software depends on the gameplay style you want to use on the Server. For example, you would need Spigot server software to create Bedwars, PVP, Spleef, etc. Paper is an alternative that comes with optimal performance. You can add plugins to your paper server to make amazing parkours, minigames, etc. Unfortunately, you cannot add Mods to your server because it’s paper software, and paper does not support Mods for Mods; you can choose a fabric or forge server.

  • Downloading and Installing the Server Software: To install any server software, search for the software’s name in Google, click the first link, visit the website, and look for the downloads page. There, download your Minecraft Server Version. Congrats! You have made it this far and installed your server software; Now the fun part is running it.

Server Running And Configuring

  • Create Server & Run: Rename the jar file you installed, Put any name you want, and create a run.bat or start.bat file. Open the file as notepad and put this command:  “java -Xmx(max-RAM)  -Xms(min-RAM) -jar your_jar_file_name nogui pause,”  and if you double-click on the bat file after saving it, your server will start and tell you to accept EULA. Make the EULA to true. You can click on the Jar file directly instead of running it from a batch file. After accepting EULA and rerunning the server, your server will run, and you can join it through localhost IP if you are playing from the same computer. But later on, we’ll discover the Port Forward method and what it is.
  • Configure Server Settings: After doing all of these, you can change your server properties. You can change how you want the server to run, for example. If you’re going to stop mob spawning, you can set the difficulty to peaceful, and to make Tlauncher or Cracked players join, you put Online mode as false. But it’s clearly unsafe for your server. You can set the number of mobs you want to spawn in your server or even make yourself an operator or an admin of the server,

Port Forwarding and Firewall Configuration

Understanding Port Forwarding

Remember what I said? We’d discover what port forwarding is. Here we go. So, let’s start with what port forwarding is. Port Forwarding is something that your server needs to make it online to all of your friends or to make it global. It allows your servers to port to the worldwide network through your router. To make your friends join, you must give the IP you used to Port Forward. In that case, it will be your computer’s network IP. Although it’s dangerous to share your IP with anyone.

Configuring Router for Port Forwarding

To configure your router for port forward. You should go to the advanced tab of your Router. Check for NAT, Gaming, Port, or IP Forwarding. Go to one of them, put the Service name as Minecraft Server or anything you want, and select TCP and UDP, not separated. Select both. Then, put the TCP as 25565 and the UDP as 25565. Then, place the IP address on your IPv4. To check if it opens CMD, type ipconfig, put it in that field, and add it. If it still does not work or the port is blocked, you can ask your ISP to add it or ask if Port Forwarding is enabled.

Creating and Managing Server Worlds

Generating Normal World and Custom Worlds

Generating or creating a world. When you run your server, the server automatically creates a world for you. So you can play in that world and build anything like structures, mansions, and more. You can import any world or custom world you want. People especially do it when creating an RP or Minigames server or setting up the hub or lobbies. If you cannot generate a roleplay or minigame server, you can play on other people’s servers. You can search for the server type and version you want. However, because of custom maps and plugin mods, these minigames and roleplay servers are fun and have grown into a significant role in the Minecraft server industry.

Administering Your Server

Understanding Server Commands

To Understand and Administer your server, you need to know all the available commands. It’s crucial to understand them There are many server commands for your server, many of which enable various things or disable multiple things. Disabling mob spawning is difficult; to make people join with cracked launchers, you can disable online mode to false(not safe).  To summon any mobs, use /summon minecraft:(mob_name) to summon that mob. And /op player_name to make a player operator or admin.

Managing Player Permissions

To manage player permissions, you can use the Luckperms plugin. To set it up, there are many tutorials about creating ranks and managing player permissions. Other plugins also make it easy. Luckperms is not the only choice. You can choose any other mods, like better ranks, etc. It’s fantastic that you can even manage player permissions on your server. You must choose paper software or spigot purpur for these plugins. 

Monitoring Server Performance

Sparks is a plugin that can be used to determine your server performance. Allowing to see the CPU Usage and TPS (Ticks per second), TPS is how many ticks are ticked per second if all the mobs, players, and water are moving every tick, and if it’s 20, then the performance will be excellent. The max TPS is 20. With the max TPS, you can run your server and play it smoothly. And Ping or Network speed is also essential for smooth performance. The closest country the hosted is hosted on the low ping you get. The lower the ping, the higher the performance you get.


Recap of Key Steps in Setting Up a Minecraft Server in Java

Here’s the recap of essential steps to set up a Minecraft server for Java edition. 

  • Download Server Software: Downloading a server software jar for the server to use when running the server. 
  • Set Up Server Files: Create a run.bat file to run the server with the provided code.
  • Run Server Jar File: Open the run.bat file and wait for EULA to accept the txt file.
  • Agree EULA: Opening the EULA Txt file and make eula =  false to true.

And there we go, the primary vital factors. Hope This post helped and encouraged you to create a Minecraft server. If you don’t like this, there are thousands of posts or YouTube tutorials on how to do it. Thanks for your concern that you have led up this far. Following all of the steps will allow you to play Minecraft Multiplayer.

Encouragement for Server Owners

As a server owner, your dedication and passion are the key concepts to creating a good server. It does not mean that it needs to be a roleplay or a minigame server to make it fun. You can make it fun with your own ideas and these things would help you to create a Minecraft server.

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